Portugal – History, Culture, and Architecture
Some of the most notable events in Portuguese history include: the Discovery Period, the regaining of independence from Spain, the Great Earthquake of 1755, the founding of the republic which ended the monarchy, the revolution of Carnations that led to the end of fascism, and the beginning of the current democracy, the accession to European Economic Com unity(EEC), and the implementation of the new currency, the Euro.
Portugal has gained its independence in 1143 and is one of the oldest countries in Europe.
The culture of Portugal is diverse and colorful. It has grown into its unique shape, influenced by various civilizations that have crossed the Mediterranean and the European continent. Portugal also played a vital role in the Age of Discovery, introducing its culture to many others around the world.
Its history, local traditions, cuisine, and its people’s love for music and art, are all expressed in different ways that combined, give Portugal the unique personality it possesses.
Numerous summer festivals attest to this, as they are a way for the Portuguese to celebrate their culture, and their love for dance, music concerts, theatre, and many other things.
The Portuguese culture of traditional dance, music, dance, and drama is expansive and reaches deep into Portuguese history. Upon death of Amalia Rodrigues, “the Queen of Fado”(Portuguese national music), in 1999, 3 days of national mourning followed, indicating how deeply love for these arts is rooted in the hearts of Portuguese people.
Portugal has been undergoing modernization and renovation of its public faculties, while still attempting to retain the unique shape and character of its architecture.
Traditional Portuguese architecture is a unique cross between the Mauneline and Soft Portuguese style. Mauneline is a Portuguese late Gothic style, a sumptuous and composite style of architectural ornamentation that has developed in the first decades of the 16th century. Soft Portuguese style is predominantly present in major cities, specifically Lisbon. This style uses modern engineering techniques, and makes use of high quality concrete in its structures, as well as traditional ornaments to hide modernist buildings, techniques and lines.